Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie (Zeitschriftenheft)


Allgemeine Angaben

Herausgeber

Claudia Polzin-Haumann Wolfgang Schweickard

Publikationsdatum
Juni 2018
Jahrgang
134
Nummer
2
Weiterführender Link
https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/zrph
ISSN
0049-8661
Thematik nach Sprachen
Sprachübergreifend
Disziplin(en)
Sprachwissenschaft, Literaturwissenschaft

Exposé

Exposé
Der Themenkreis der Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie umfasst die Sprachwissenschaft in ihrer ganzen Breite sowie die mediävistische Literaturwissenschaft und die Editionsphilologie. Publikationssprachen sind Französisch, Spanisch, Portugiesisch, Italienisch und Rumänisch sowie Deutsch und Englisch. Es erscheinen vier Hefte im Jahr.

VERANTWORTLICHE HERAUSGEBER
Prof. Dr. Claudia Polzin-Haumann, Saarbrücken
Prof. Dr. Dres. h.c. Wolfgang Schweickard, Saarbrücken

WISSENSCHAFTLICHER BEIRAT
Éva Buchi, Nancy
Daron Burrows, Oxford
Steven N. Dworkin, Ann Arbor
Maria Iliescu, Innsbruck
Franz Lebsanft, Bonn
Fernando Sánchez Miret, Salamanca
Luca Serianni, Rom
Friedrich Wolfzettel, Frankfurt am Main

REDAKTION
Christian Schweizer, Saarbrücken

Inhalt

AUFSÄTZE

CHRISTIAN BAHR / HÉCTOR HERNÁNDEZ AROCHA
¿Tienen significado los nombres propios? Una aproximación al debate inconcluso en torno a la semántica y (difusa) categorización de nombres propios y comunes

This paper discusses the major linguistic theories concerned with the distinction between proper and common names. At the same time, it aims to show that a border line between both categories cannot be drawn without answering the question about the capacity of proper names to express denotative meaning. There seems to be little agreement in this respect since the classical points of view linked to Mill and Jespersen, which is why linguists and philosophers still lack a common understanding on this point. In order to clarify the origin of this debate, it will be approached from different perspectives and fields of linguistics, including an analysis of Eugenio Coseriu’s position revealed in a manuscript on this topic made available by the Eugenio-Coseriu-Foundation (www.coseriu.org) and which has remained unpublished until nowadays.

RICCARDO REGIS
Individuo e comunità di fronte alla paretimologia

This paper deals with folk etymology from the vantage point of sociolinguistics. After a critical overview of the concepts of « parole-Volksetymologie» and « langue-Volksetymologie» (Heike Olschansky), a new dichotomy based on the Coserian couple of habla (‘speech’; It. discorso) and norma (‘norm’) is proposed, with the aim of depicting the social diffusion of folk etymology. The categories of «paretimologia di discorso» (‘speech folk etymology’) and «paretimologia di norma» (‘norm folk etymology’) are thus coined and discussed, the examples being taken mainly from Italian and the Italoromance dialects.

DAVID MURRAY
Telling the difference: linguistic differentiation and identity in Guillem de Berguedà, Giacomo da Lentini and Bonifacio Calvo

Editorial practice in literary traditions still dominated by neo-Lachmannian philology remains focussed on the establishment of the text as the medieval author knew it himself. For adherents of this method, the influence of “foreign” languages is labelled as a contamination that should, if possible, be removed as unauthentic. This article proposes a less doctrinaire practice and demonstrates its fruits when brought to bear at the interstices of literary history and Romance philology, as represented by poems by Guillem de Berguedà, Giacomo da Lentini, and Bonifacio Calvo. Approaching both medieval poets and their modern editors in the light of Derrida’s Le monolinguisme de l’autre, the present contribution counters the tendency to impose linguistic and cultural identities on medieval authors, instead allowing their manuscripts to speak for themselves. It further considers the thinking of medieval poets and their transmitters on the nature of language and lyric poetry, and how these systems could and should be used and developed.

CÉSAR GUTIÉRREZ
Competencia entre palatalización y nasalización en las secuencias –NGUL– en castellano

The Latin sequences –NGUL– in words such as CINGULUM, UNGULAM or SINGULOS have evolved into two possible outcomes in Spanish: a palatal sonorant ([ɲ] or [ʎ]), or [nd]. The purpose of this paper is to provide a phonetically-based explanation to account for the sound changes that led to these outcomes in Old Spanish, as well as in other Ibero-Romance languages. In this regard, it will be shown that palatalization and nasalization were competing processes in the development of the sequences –NGUL–, as well as in the other structurally comparable sequences –NDUL– and –MBUL–.

JOSÉ-JAVIER RODRÍGUEZ-TORO
El nombre de pila español en los albores del Siglo de Oro (a propósito del Libro de los baptizados en esta Santa Iglesia de Sevilla)

This paper presents the results of the study of the use of first names in the oldest parish register of the Cathedral of Seville (Iglesia del Sagrario). The baptismal certificates —of newborns and also non-Christian slaves— contained in the Libro de los baptizados en esta Santa Iglesia de Sevilla are dated between January 1, 1515 and the March 3, 1524. The study focuses on the relative frequency of the names of newborns and slaves, but is also trying to find out the reasons for the choice of the names (geographical origin, social status)

GERARDO PÉREZ BARCALA
La varia lectio en la transmisión del De medicina equorum: algunas hipótesis sobre el modelo de la versión gallega de Giordano Ruffo

This article offers an approach to the De medicina equorum (post 1250–ante 1256) with the aim of analyzing some of the divergences between the manuscript that contains the Galician translation (Biblioteca Nacional de España, ms. 23076) and the Latin text, mainly known through Girolamo Molin’s edition (based on ms. Lat. Cl. VII 24 of the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana de Venezia). The analysis of the Latin and Romance tradition of Ruffo’s work as well as of other treatises written under its influence show that these divergences do not result from mistakes in the copy of the Galician translation but are rather related to the variations issuing from the process of transmission of this work. Thus, the essay contributes to the establishment of certain textual features of the source text of the Galician version, most likely a Latin manuscript similar to but different from the codex reproduced by Molin.

EMMA ÁLVAREZ-PRENDES
Polyfonctionnalité adverbiale, grammaticalisation et subjectivation: le cas de sérieusement, seriamente et en serio

In this paper we analyze the contemporary uses of three equivalent adverbs in French and Spanish (sérieusement, seriamente and en serio) in order to characterize them by some salient linguistic properties. We will also establish the emergence of these uses in the history of the French and Spanish languages and try to determine the historical links between them. To achieve these goals we have created a personal corpus with more than 200 occurrences of each adverb from very diverse types of texts (novels, journals, Internet, oral, data bases such as Frantext, Corpus Le Monde Diplomatique, Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual and Corpus Diacrónico del Español, etc.). Our main hypothesis is that those three adverbs are the result of a similar complex process of grammaticalization.

PAULO MARTÍNEZ LEMA
O Cartulário de Fiães enquanto corpus toponímico: acerca de alguns nomes de lugar na fronteira galego-portuguesa

The chartulary of the Monastery of Santa Maria de Fiães consists of documentation dating mostly back to the 12th century which concerns the process of constitution of the land patrimony of the Benedictine abbey located on the Galician-Portuguese border. This documentary source offers several interesting aspects for linguistic research. In particular, it is worth highlighting the fact that this source contains some of the earliest records (or even, in some cases, the only ones) available for the analysis of a significant number of place-names in the extensive geographic area (the Portuguese Minho land as well as the southern and southwestern regions of Galicia) in which the monastery had a greater number of properties. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explore this line of research, by collecting the records in the chartulary for a micro-corpus of four place-names (one being Portuguese and three Galician) and by using them to identify both their etymon and their formal and semantic evolution. Moreover, we will establish, when necessary, their possible relations with other toponymic items, finally analyzing certain dynamics and phenomena (essentially phonetic ones). Their research interest stems from their relatively rare nature in the context of Galician-Portuguese toponymy.

MISZELLEN

DAVIDE MASTRANTONIO
Aspetti sintattici e semantici di «nome + da + infinito» in diacronia

In Modern Italian the syntagm «noun + da + infinitive» displays different syntactic features compared to Old Italian. After the subject has been introduced (§1), we first take into account some grammatical issues related to « da + inf.», namely: i) syntactic category; ii) verbal aspect; iii) voice (§2). After that, we focus on the description and explanation of the diachronic development concerning phrases like acqua da innaffiare gli orti, macchina da scrivere and so forth (§3).

DANIELE BAGLIONI
Romagnolo fe( r ) e’ curdo(n) ‘fare le fusa’

In this article the Romagnolo locution fe( r ) e’ curdo(n) ‘to purr’ is considered in regard to its etymology. It is argued that the word curdo(n) ‘string’ is a paretymological reinterpretation of burdon ‘burden, drone’, a technical music term designating the lowest course of a lute and, more generally, a uniform bass accompaniment. Hence the locution would have been playfully applied to the purr of cats, whose noise resembles a bass accompaniment because of its low pitch and assiduity.

WOLFGANG SCHWEICKARD
Arabismi latino medievali negli atti notarili genovesi del mar Nero

Genoa was involved since the 13th century in the commercial activities in the region around the Black Sea (Caffa, Pera, Kiliya, etc.). Numerous texts of that time written in Latin (especially old notarial records) have survived to our days. As the region was a melting pot of traders and travelers from East and West, the sources also contain some interesting lexical borrowings from Arabic. The present article illustrates this phenomenon on the basis of selected examples from the edition of Gheorghe Ioan Brătianu (Actes des notaires Génois de Péra et de Caffa de la fin du treizième siècle, Bucarest, Cultura naţională, 1927) which so far has not yet been taken into account in linguistic research.

ILARIA ZAMUNER
L’alitta dal γυμνάσιον alla spezieria

In Italian language there are two words, alitta and alipta, derived from the same latin etymon ALIPTA, shaped on gr. ἀλείπτης ‘who anoint’; however, the two terms have different categories and meanings: alitta (f.) ‘mixture of aromatic substances’ and alipta (m.) ‘who anoint’. The story of ‘alipta’ is traced from ancient Greece until contemporary age – through the middle ages – to clarify the passages that have determined the independent origin of the two terms in the Italian language.

YORICK GOMEZ GANE
Ital. ammazzare (con considerazioni su stramazzare, mattare, mazzare)

The Italian verb ammazzare ‘to kill (someone), usually in a violent way’ is explained by Italian historical and etymological lexicography as a verb originally indicating a homicide committed with a club (Italian mazza). On the basis of historical linguistic examples it is instead here ascribed to the act of striking animals with a club during slaughter, where the verb would then assume (for the immediate correspondence between the action and its purpose) the general meaning of ‘killing (an animal)’ (subsequently being referred to people). The article then briefly discusses the etymology of the Italian verb stramazzare ‘to strike down to the ground violently’, which may also be ascribed to animal slaughter, and finally the origin of the ancient Italian verbs mattare and mazzare ‘to kill’, as well as their possible Latin bases *MATTARE / *MATTIARE.

ANGELO VARIANO
Spigolature di anglicismi: a proposito di leggings e altri (recenti) forestierismi

The present article focuses on English-Italian language contact. In detail, we will show that supposedly recent borrowings such as leggings (GRADIT: 2004) or steward (1928) can already be observed in 19th-century Italian translations of English travel literature.

BESPRECHUNGEN

Éva Buchi / Wolfgang Schweickard (edd.), Dictionnare Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) 1. Génèse, méthodes et résultats / Éva Buchi / Wolfgang Schweickard (edd.), Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) 2. Pratique léxicographique et réflexions théoriques (ROGER LASS)

Le Jeu d’Adam, Édition critique et traduction par Geneviève Hasenohr. Introduction par Geneviève Hasenohr et Jean-Pierre Bordier / La Vie de Saint Alexis, Édition, introduction, notes et index de Maurizio Perugi. Traduction en français moderne de Valérie Fasseur et Maurizio Perugi (FRIEDRICH WOLFZETTEL)

Glynnis M. Cropp (ed.), La Voie de povreté et de richesse (DARON BURROWS)

Gabriele Giannini, Un guide français de Terre sainte, entre Orient latin et Toscane occidentale (BRENT A. PITTS)

Nils B. Thelin, L’aspect, le temps et la taxis en français contemporain. Vers une sémantique de la perspective temporelle (MARTIN BECKER)

Silvio Melani (ed.), Per sen de trobar. L’opera lirica di Daude de Pradas (RICCARDO VIEL)

Paolo Pellegrini, Dante tra Romagna e Lombardia. Studi di Linguistica e Filologia Italiana (MATTHIAS BÜRGEL)

Les aventures des Bruns. Compilazione guironiana del secolo XIII attribuibile a Rustichello da Pisa, Edizione critica a cura di Claudio Lagomarsini (STEPHEN DÖRR)

Francesco Crifò, I Diarii di Marin Sanudo (1496–1533). Sondaggi filologici e linguistici (LUCA D’ONGHIA)

Stefano Telve, Anticausatività e passività. Il costrutto rimanere + participio passato. Uno studio di sintassi dell’italiano in diacronia (MARIO SQUARTINI)

Philipp Barbarić, Che storia che gavemo qua. Sprachgeschichte Dalmatiens als Sprechergeschichte (1797 bis heute) (JOHANNES KRAMER)


Anmerkungen

keine

Ersteller des Eintrags
Christian Schweizer
Erstellungsdatum
Montag, 22. Oktober 2018, 16:15 Uhr
Letzte Änderung
Samstag, 27. Oktober 2018, 14:34 Uhr